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What is Ancylostomiasis

Posted on March 30, 2010 | No Comments on What is Ancylostomiasis

Ancylostomiasis is the condition of infection by Ancylostoma hookworms

AKA: hookworm disease

Causative Agent: Necator americanus; Ancylostoma duodenale and A. ceylanicum

  • Bloodletting activity of the nematode leads to iron dificiency and hypochromic, microcytic anemia, the major cause of disability


Incubation Period: a few weeks to many months, depending on intesity of infection and iron intake

Period of Communicability: several years

Mode of Transmission: not transmitted from person to person but nfected perosn can contaminate soil

Signs and Symptoms:

  • Light infection generally produces few or no clinical effects; actually proportionate to the degree of anemia
  • Signs of anemia: pallor, easy fatigability, bradycardia
  • Hypoproteinemia
  • Retarded in mental and physical development
  • Severe acute pulmonary and gastrointestinal reactions

Complications: pneumonitis

Management:

  • Mebendazole (Vermox)
  • Albendazole (Zentel)
  • Pyrantel pamoate (Antiminth)
  • Bephenium Hydorxynaphthoate (Alcopar)
  • Tetracholoroethylene

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