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“Five Rights” of Drug Administration

1. Right Drug
– Compare the label of the drug container with the doctor’s order three times
– Before removing the container from the drawer/shelf
– As the amount of ordered drug is removed from the container
– Before returning the container to the drawer/shelf or discarding it
– Nurse must adminseter only the drugs they themselves prepared

2. Right Dose
– Make sure dosages are calculated correctly
– The nurse should use only standard measurement dvices e.g. scaled ropper, graduatd cups, synringes, measuring spoons
– Make sure a tablet is divided evnly; it may be cut in half by sing a kinfe edge or by folding a tissue ovr the tablet and breaking it with one’s fingers. If not broken evvenly, a tablet should be discarcded
– If a tablet is to be crused in a mortar with a pestle so that it can be mixed with food, th morar shoulod first be cleaned out completely. Crushed medications should be taken with small amounts of food or liquid e.g. jelly syrup or ice cream toppings

3. Right Route
The nurse should consult the doctor who ordered the drug if the order does not indicate the route or if the specifid route is not te ual recommended route

4. Right Patient
5. Right Time

– OD (once a day)
– BID (twice a day, 8:00am and 6:00 pm)
– TID (three times a day 8:00am, 1:00pm, and 8:00pm)
– QID (four times a day, 8:00am, 12:00noon, 4:00pm, and 8:00pm)
– Q8H (every 8 hours)
– PC (aftr meals, given wihtin half an hour after a meal when the client has a full stomach)
– Stat (immediately)
– PRN (whenever necessary)

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